TRANSSEXUALS AND THEIR
PARENTS - PART II
THE GRIEF PROCESS
Copyright 1989 - By Kay Metsker
was heavy, for its trust had been Abused, its kindness
answered with foul wrong; So, turning gloomily from my fellow-men
One summer Sabbath day I strolled among the green mounds of the
village burial place; Where, pondering how all human love and hate
find one sad level; and how, soon or late, wronged and wrongdoer,
each with meekened face and cold hands folded over a still heart,
pass the green threshold of our common grave, whither all footsteps
tend, whence none depart, awed for myself, and pitying my race, our
common sorrow like a mighty wave, swept all my pride away, and
trembling, I forgave!
- John Greenleaf Whittier
God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change,
Courage to change the things that I can, and the wisdom to know the
- The Commodore's Prayer
"Everyman can handle grief but he that has it."
- William Shakespeare
"Much Ado About Nothing"
Grieving is the normal response to the pain and anguish of
loss. It is the process of healing after a disruptive loss occurs
in life. It is uncomfortable and painful; a state of disease. If
it is not experienced, or if it is repressed, denied, and
internalized, it can lead to serious emotional and/or physical
disease. Knowing what to expect in the process of grieving for
yourself and others helps you get through the process.
When parents are told by their child that he/she is gender
dysphoric and is planning a change of sex, the parents usually
experience shock, a sense of betrayal, and a sense of loss. They
may be able to accept the change intellectually, but at the
emotional level, there is a sense of having lost a son (or daughter).
The burden felt by the parents is doubly great because the
loss of a child and its accompanying feeling of powerlessness go
against the most basic of parental instincts, that of protecting the
offspring. Faced with such a catastrophic idea, the stunned parents
all too often believe they should have been able to avert the
"tragedy." When the feeling of powerlessness sets in, parents find
themselves in a situation of having to deal not only with their
shock, but also with their perceived inability to have prevented
it. One of the basic things taken away from the parents is the
conviction of possessing the ability to control and to have some say
about what is happening in the world. Feeling that ability gone,
parents must turn elsewhere to believe once again in themselves and
to re-develop their sense of self-esteem.
Parents may think frequently about their mistakes or the
things they didn't do, and now wish they had. They must realize
that whatever happened in the past, they did the best they could at
the time. Dwelling on the causes of the gender dysphoria and
negative parts of the relationship will only delay the recovery
time. Continually going over situations cannot change them.
Parents should forgive themselves -- if there is anything to forgive
that is still unfinished. They should begin to think in positive
terms of the good times in the relationship and give up the painful
ones. Above all, they should stop punishing themselves?
Adjusting to and eventually accepting the reality of the
change is a long, slow and painful healing process. Studies by
Elisabeth Kubler-Ross and others have shown that definite stages of
this grief process are encountered and must be resolved by each
individual before they can reach final understanding. The stages
are: Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Guilt, Acceptance, and
This is the first stage. A state of numbness and disbelief
takes hold. Common thoughts are, "No, this can't be happening to
me. I don't believe it. If I don't think about it, the problem
will go away." After about six weeks, if a person is stoically
fighting their grief and strong feelings, or is still feeling numb,
they are denying their feelings and are headed for emotional trouble.
Anger may be expressed outwardly as rage, or turned inward and
be experienced as depression. Reactions such as, "Why me? Why not
our neighbors? How could you do this to us?", may be expressed.
Blaming others is a way of avoiding the personal pain, sorrow and
despair of coming to terms with the fact that life is not always
fair. We all have different reasons for feeling what we feel.
People's feelings are a legitimate part of them; they shouldn't be
ashamed of these emotions. Hiding one's anger won't make it
disappear. A person will get past it more quickly if it is brought
out into the open. People should also realize, if they become
targets of this anger, not to take it personally because the anger
must be expressed and worked through.
Bargaining goes on to help buy time to accept the truth of the
situation. "I'll come see you only if I see `Larry' instead of
`Laura'. I'll have lunch with you if you wear slacks and no make-up.
", are ways to try to postpone the inevitable.
Depression can result in feelings of helplessness, hopelessness,
and powerlessness. Other feelings such as sadness, disappointment,
and/or loneliness can occur. The person experiencing these emotions
should ask for comfort and help when they want it. It is important
to not resist one's feelings or to wallow in them. If a person is
allowed to express their feelings, they will find final acceptance
much easier. They will also be grateful to those who can sit with
them during this stage of depression without constantly telling them
that they should be more cheerful.
Guilt comes from something a person did or said, something
they wished they had not done; or from something that a person
thought they should have said or done. Whenever someone finds
themself saying should or ought, they are putting themself in a
position to feel guilt.
Guilt may be created unreasonably. If a person says to
themself or others, "He wouldn't have had this problem if I ...",
guilt is created by their own self-talk. "If only" and "what if"
are questions that can never be answered. The facts are not all
available to know what else could have happened. They must rid
themselves of the irrational "if only" thoughts. Those thoughts
serve no purpose but to continue the guilt feelings which will slow
down one's recovery. A person must accept the reality of what has
happened. It cannot be changed, but people can change what they
think about it and choose not to feel guilt. Feeling guilty over a
prolonged time is a choice some may make.
Thoughts are thoughts; they cannot be felt. Feelings are
feelings; they cannot be thought. Self-talk can create one's
reality. A person can use self-talk to set up emotional barriers
and feel completely helpless and emotionally impotent. Or one's
horizons can be expanded to create positive change and growth.
Progress toward acceptance is made when the parents can think
of their child without strong emotional feelings of longing and
sadness for the way things were. The parents will not be stuck in
the past, they will be living in the present, and making plans for
the future. They will be able to live with the ambiguity of the
never-to-be answered questions. This stage should not necessarily
be mistaken for a happy stage, where total acceptance is achieved.
It should be considered as the stage where the pain has gone and the
struggle is over.
The psychologist Carl Jung said that part of being human
involves having problems because human beings have a consciousness,
as opposed to lower animals that operate their lives on instincts.
Problems force us to a more developed consciousness, a fuller
awareness of events and feelings. As Jung says, "Everyone of us
gladly turns away from his problems; if possible they must not be
mentioned, or better still, their experience is denied. We wish to
make our lives simple, certain, and smooth. And for that reason
problems are taboo. The artful denial of a problem will not produce
conviction; on the contrary, a wider and higher consciousness is
called for to give us the certainty and clarity we need."
For each loss, each person feels a different set of reactions,
and must work through their grieving processes at whatever pace and
time is necessary. There are similarities among those who manage
their grief successfully -- and similar blocking patterns for those
who have trouble resolving their grief. Some never do completely
resolve their grief and do not complete all the stages of the
Parents must focus on their patterns of grieving, monitor
their self-talk and emotions to help raise their consciousness and
grow into stronger, more sensitive people.
It is important to remember that there is a balance in the
universe. For every loss there is a gain. Surviving grief doesn't
mean that parents will completely forget the past history of their
transsexual child. That person is in their life forever, but
his/her role in their life must, and will, change and evolve. The
ideas expressed in this article will, hopefully, help to produce a
better understanding for the parents who are learning to deal with
the loss of an old relationship and the beginning of a new one.